Friday, December 16, 2022
Tuesday, December 06, 2022
This is a wonderful shot from "The Road to Singapore" (1931) that does a brilliant job establishing geography and spatial relationships between two characters who are thinking about each other but who are physically apart. The audience understands their separation.
It starts with a full scale shot of Doris Kenyon - the camera pans left behind an unlit tree, then we CUT to a miniature (1/8 scale?) which also has camera move that has an unlit tree in the foreground. At normal exposure you can't see the cut. Here's the first cut, brightened.
The miniature portion of the shot continues, pulls back behind more silhouetted foreground trees, and the second CUT appears, tying in another full scale shot of William Powell that has unlit trees in the foreground, as well. Here's the second cut, brightened.
The long shot actually has 3 hidden cuts, clever tricks to establish the full geography on the B-side, and required lots of planning and careful execution. Most importantly, it supports the narrative and emphasizes what the characters are going through.
At the time of this writing, "The Road to Singapore" (1931) is now playing on HBO Max in the U.S.
Original tweet thread: https://twitter.com/tvaziri/status/1600154259961839616
Based on this tweet from Jack Kennedy: https://twitter.com/JackKennedy/status/1599924728755544064
Wednesday, November 09, 2022
I’ve written about movies and visual effects on the internet on:
- usenet alt.movies.visual-effects, 1994-1998
- vfxhq.com, 1995-1999
- FXrant Blog, 2006-present
- Twitter, 2009-present
- Mastadon, 2018-present
- tvaziri.com until I’m dead
I don't know what I'll be doing in the future, but maybe it's a good idea to sign up for updates on what I might be up to in the future.
Tuesday, November 08, 2022
Monday, October 31, 2022
Sadly, Cinefex shut down in early 2021. While our physical copies of Cinefex magazine live on, as does the iPad edition of classic issues (boy, how long will THAT continue to work?), the website was shuttered.
Back in 2018, Graham Edwards interviewed me for the Cinefex Blog. I'm reprinting it here because I am really proud of the interview.
Cinefex Spotlight – Todd Vaziri
Posted on August 29, 2018 by Graham Edwards
To create cinematic illusions, you need conjurors. In this series of spotlight interviews, we ask movie magicians what makes them tick.
Todd Vaziri is a lead artist and compositing supervisor at Industrial Light & Magic. His list of career highlights includes American Pie, Avatar, six Star Wars and two Star Trek films, three Transformers movies and an episode of The Colbert Report, and you might enjoy rummaging through his entertaining effects-centric blog FX Rant.
CINEFEX: Todd, how did you get started in the business?
TODD VAZIRI: I saw Return of the Jedi on my tenth birthday, and afterward devoured anything I could find about how the film was made. I vividly remember reading an official Lucasfilm magazine about the film – there was an entire section on the miniatures and stop-motion animation in the Endor battle, created by a company called Industrial Light & Magic. That made an enormous impact on me. Seeing how the magic was created didn’t ruin the movie experience for me at all. Quite the contrary – I was intrigued and inspired to see pictures of modern-day magicians creating these amazing illusions, like Paul Huston setting up the AT-ST on the miniature Endor set. Years later, I discovered Cinefex, which satisfied my cravings for more detailed stories on how these intricate visual effects were created, and the challenges faced by artists in bringing these otherworldly effects to life. Strange to think that Paul Huston is a colleague and friend now – we worked together on a shot for The Force Awakens.
After film school, and a few years spent writing about visual effects for my website, Visual Effects Headquarters, I packed up my car and drove from Chicago to Los Angeles with the dream of working in visual effects. I was fortunate enough to have been given a chance by Van Ling at Banned From the Ranch Entertainment. Aware of my visual effects writing and understanding my passion for the craft, he gave me a chance to help test out a new piece of software called Commotion, which was, at the time, a brand new and revolutionary tool for rotoscoping and digital painting. Van was a tremendous mentor and I owe him so much for giving me a chance.
CINEFEX: What aspect of your job makes you grin from ear to ear?
TODD VAZIRI: At the start of every production, I am overwhelmed with anticipation. The prospect of doing something new and exciting in a movie is daunting, intimidating and exhilarating.
CINEFEX: And what makes you sob uncontrollably?
TODD VAZIRI: When the harsh realities of the project schedule kick in, along with the inevitable design changes – that’s when I reach for the Kleenex.
CINEFEX: What’s the most challenging task you’ve ever faced?
TODD VAZIRI: I’m a bit of a heat ripple snob. Most digital effects trying to replicate heat shimmer from jet engines don’t appeal to me. They frequently end up, from a design perspective, too sci-fi and fantastic, calling attention to the effect rather than allowing it to exist as a part of a realistic scene. For Avatar, we tackled several shots with intense jet engine heat ripple, and I privately tasked myself with creating the best-looking heat ripple system we’d ever produced. The effects team and I worked together on a system that included the right kind of particles, the right animation, the right kind of displacement and blur, and other design elements that are usually ignored – like refraction, shadowing, and tiny bits of soot. I was really proud of how it all turned out. Later, hearing that Jim Cameron loved the look of our heat ripple made me very happy.
CINEFEX: And what’s the weirdest task?
TODD VAZIRI: I had to create dog urine for an Adam Sandler film. I used Particle World in After Effects to create the pee stream, and the splashing and splatter on the ground. I drew roto mattes and color-corrected the photography to simulate the growing puddle of pee. If I remember correctly, I think I also had to paint out the dog’s testicles.
CINEFEX: What changes have you observed in your field over the years?
TODD VAZIRI: Between the time I started doing feature film work and today, the biggest change has been the ubiquity and democratization of high-quality, highly complicated visual effects. Complex fantasy environments, creatures and invisible effects are no longer solely available to the five or six biggest-budgeted movies per year. Filmmakers like Scorsese, Cuarón, Iñárritu, DuVernay and del Toro now have access to effects that were previously unavailable to their types of films. As a movie fan, I’m thrilled that a movie like Ex Machina can be made today, with the same kind of complicated, high-quality visual effects that previously were relegated to only the biggest superhero films or sci-fi blockbusters.
CINEFEX: And what changes would you like to see?
TODD VAZIRI: Where to begin? I’d like to see a more level playing field on many dimensions. Right now, movie studios are understandably taking advantage of massive global incentives to make films in certain localities, but this severely tilts the scales and has serious repercussions on all sides.
In addition, just like the rest of Hollywood, we need to make visual effects production a more diverse, inclusive environment. There are too many people making movies who look like me, and who have similar histories, tastes and skill sets. We will be able to tell more dynamic, interesting stories by including more women and people of color in our industry.
We have a work-life balance problem in our industry, too. The hours and stress take their toll on visual effects workers around the world. Finally and more broadly, it is inexplicable how little power the visual effects industry has in Hollywood, while our work remains critical to the success of modern films.
CINEFEX: What advice would you give to someone starting out in the business?
TODD VAZIRI: The advice I’d give is similar to the advice I’d have for anyone who is interested in Hollywood filmmaking. Firstly, understand that this is not a glamorous job. The people who make films, both in front of and behind the camera – and behind the computer – are passionate and committed to their craft. If you’re not all-in on this as an idea, you might want to consider something else.
More practically, young visual effects artists sometimes get hung up on questions like: “Which piece of software should I learn?” My personal view is that the most successful visual effects professionals in my sphere are not obsessed with software or the technology itself, but are more interested in using those tools to create the imagery or tell the story that’s in their heads. I’m not technically minded at all, and yet I get by because the tools have become so accessible and approachable that even a dummy like me can operate the controls. Also, it’s incredibly important for young visual effects artists to watch and analyze non-visual effects films, and study as much photography as possible.
CINEFEX: If you were to host a mini-festival of your three favorite effects movies, what would you put on the bill, and why?
TODD VAZIRI: Citizen Kane – don’t roll your eyes at me, millennials! You’ll watch this black-and-white movie and like it! Orson Welles and his team were using the camera to tell a story like no-one did before – you can see many now-standard cinematic techniques used for the first time in this film. They pushed every department to its limits and beyond; the film includes special effects and optical work, several ingenious matte paintings, animation and miniatures. Gregg Toland’s deep-focus photography gave the film a striking look, as did all of the hidden optical tricks made possible by Linwood Dunn’s optical printer breakthroughs – like the massive set extensions at the political rally, or the building of Kane’s mansion, Xanadu.
Star Wars (1977 theatrical edition) – come on, do I really need to say why I chose this?
The Abyss – Jim Cameron’s epic underwater adventure used pretty much every single visual effects trick in the book, including the debut of a creature of a kind never seen before on film – the computer-generated pseudopod. The movie is an encyclopedia of photographic effects from the dawn of cinema to that moment, and simultaneously presents a prelude to cinema’s digital era.
CINEFEX: What’s your favorite movie theater snack?
TODD VAZIRI: Popcorn, no butter, a tiny bit of salt.
CINEFEX: Thanks for your time, Todd!
Sunday, October 30, 2022
There's a lot to like about "It" (2017). It's gorgeous, has an amazing cast, some genuinely scary moments and an incredible performance by Bill Skarsgård along with brilliant makeup, prosthetic and digital visual effects.
Our heroes are an ensemble, and I admire how director Andy Muschietti and cinematographer Chung Chung-hoon use the widescreen frame to include our heroes in group shots. Blocking shots like this can sometimes feel awkward (especially on set), but when cleverly blocked and used at just the right time, the 'wide shot of all our heroes' framing really does the job, sealing the unity of our main characters in their quest.
Monday, October 24, 2022
I love my Apple TV, and I want it to be better. With the release of updated Apple TV units in October 2022, along with USB-C connectivity replacing Lightning for the remote, my brain started to wander. How can we make the Siri Remote, a huge improvement from the previous Siri Remote, even gooderer?
My original tweet, which was just the redesign mockup with zero context:
- hardware - giant Play/Pause button. This is the most important button to use during playback, so having it be more prominent than mute, Back and TV is beneficial on many levels.
- hardware - it's longer. Makes it harder to lose, and even easier to hold.
- hardware/software - Find My compatibility. Yes, a premium feature. But Apple TV is a premium product. So why not?
- hardware/software - Speaker, so you can play a tone using Find My to find a lost remote. Just like the new case for AirPods Pro.
- software - jog/slow motion/frame by frame controls. This can all be accomplished using the touch sensors already on the Apple TV, but activating this feature in software could be tricky. I consider this a "pro" feature, which could be OFF by default, so only extreme enthusiasts can access this feature which has been a staple of legacy home video devices (VHS, LaserDisc) for decades.
Sunday, March 13, 2022
It's time for the Awesomest Oscar Pool Ballot In The History Of Oscar Pool Ballots.Every year I create a special ballot based on a typical Academy Awards printable ballot -- but on my ballot, each category has a different point value. The highest valued category is "Best Picture," while the mainstream films' categories are valued at two points. The non-mainstream categories (like the documentary and short film categories) are valued at one point.
This way, in a tight race for the winner of the pool, the winner most likely would not be determined by the non-mainstream films (in other words, blind guesses).
Download the ballot here for the 94th Academy Awards and use it at your Oscar party.
And if you're wondering why Tom Cruise is on my ballot... he's been on every one of my Oscar ballots. Because he's soooooooooo cool.
Saturday, March 05, 2022
When the Apple TV box first appeared in our house, it sat alongside a cable box and a DVD player. Eventually, the DVD player disappeared. Over the years, our cable TV consumption slowly dissolved to a fraction of what it once was. And as of summer 2021, 100% of my family's living room TV and movie consumption comes from the Apple TV.
While I love my Apple TV, the experience could be better. Nope - it should be better because the Apple TV has positioned itself as a premium product, and it should deliver a premium experience for its customers.
Some of my buddies have been writing and podcasting about the streaming experience, diving deep into the feature sets, capabilities and limitations of the current landscape.
Joe Rosensteel wrote two recent pieces on Six Colors that are worth checking out: When Apple TV’s ‘Universal Search’ is a black hole and Searching for a better guide: Live TV in the age of streaming
John Siracusa wrote on his Hypercritical blog, An Unsolicited Streaming App Spec and a follow-up post, Streaming App Sentiments. John discussed the pieces on his two podcasts, ATP #470 and on Reconcilable Differences #177.
I'm inspired by these pieces and podcast episodes, and I hope to write more about Apple TV in the future. Heh, the last time I wrote about Apple TV was over a decade ago.